Buddhism is a path of practice and spiritual development leading to Insight into the true nature of life. Buddhist practices such as meditation are means of changing oneself in order to develop the qualities of awareness, kindness, and wisdom. The experience developed within the Buddhist tradition over thousands of years has created an incomparable resource for all those who wish to follow a path — a path which ultimately culminates in Enlightenment or Buddhahood.
India is the birth place of one of the most widely accepted religions in the world - Buddhism. The four holy places associated with Gautam Buddha in India are - Lumbini, his birthplace, which now lies in Nepal; Bodhgaya, where he attained enlightenment; Sarnath, near Varanasi, where he preached his first sermon; Kushinagar, near Gorakhpur, where he achieved Mahanirvana.The other important tourist places associated with Buddhism are: Sanchi, Vaishali, Nalanda, Amravati and Nagargunakonda. All these places together are known as the famous Buddhist circuit in India.Bodhgaya is the most important Buddhist pilgrimage amongst all these places in India.
Even though the entire Bihar is a big monastery (Bihar gets is name from vihara that means monastry) with several Buddhist sites and impressive Buddhist ruins, the leading Buddhist Circuit of the state are: Bodh Gaya, Vaishali, Nalanda, Rajgir, East Champaran, West Champaran and Jehanabad..