District - Gaya Commissionery - Magadh Headquarter - Gaya Sub-Division - Gaya Sadar, Sherghati, Tekari Population - 26, 64,803 (27 Lacs) Area - 4,941 Sq. Km Sea Level - 113 Meter Temperature - Summer: 420C - 200C Winter: 200C – 40C Best Season - November – March Road Route - 124 Km from Patna (Via Jahanabad)
Gaya 12 Km
181 Km from Patna (Via Rajgir) Rail Route - Main Railway Station –
Patna, Gaya Nearest Railway Station – Gaya (16
Km) Air Route - Main Airport – Patna (112
Km) Nearest Airport – Gaya (12 Km)
It was at this Holy place where Prince Siddhartha became
Lord Buddha – the enlightened one. Here, he established
“Middle Path Pratipada”, the best way of life
for the entire human race.
Now Bodh Gaya (where he got the supreme knowledge) is a very
important, developed, and popular Holy Buddhist place along
with three other Buddhist Places, i.e. Lumbini in Nepal (Birth
Place), Samath in U. P. (1st Teaching Place) & Kushinagar
(Mahaparinirvana) in U. P.
This Holy place has been known as ‘Ancient Uruvela’
(from 6th Century BC to 7th Century AD), SAMBODHI (in 3rd
Century AD), and BUDDHAGAYA & BODHGAYA from Suing &
Kushana Dynasty (2nd Century BC – 1st Century AD) till
Places of Tourist Interests
Mahabodhi Temple Location: Mahabodhi Temple Complex,
east of Bodhi Tree & Vajrasana. Importance: Built in 3rd Century
AD, 170 feet high, 48 feet in radius at base – is a
unique temple among all other North Indian Temples.
The carved railing around the temple is the oldest remains
here at this place in Bodh Gaya (before 3rd Century BC). King
Ashoka built a temple here
in 3rd Century BC. Kushan Dynasty (176 BC – 40 AD) built
a temple at this place. During Gupta Dynasty (4th –
6th Century AD) in 380 AD, a gold-coated statue of Lord Buddha
of Bhumi Sparsha State was established in the basement of
In 7th Century AD, a Chinese traveler, Hiuen Tsiang saw Bodhi
Tree, Mahabodhi Temple, several Stupas & other structures
were developed at this place. In 1883, a British archeologist,
Cunningham, & Indian Dr. Rajendra Lal jointly restored
this temple complex. UNESCO declared Mahabodhi Temple as a
world heritage in 2002.
Temple Architecture: Two storied, Pyramid shaped, built with
blue bricks, & four smaller temples at the four corners
of the main temple is a model example of rich & ancient
temple architecture of India. The entrance of the temple is
on the eastern side.
Mahabodhi Tree Location: West of Mahabodhi
Temple in Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Bodh Gaya. Importance: Sakya Prince Siddhartha
attained the Supreme Enlightenment & became Lord Buddha
- the enlightened
one, at the age of 35 under this tree after sitting here for
49 days at this Holy place. After enlightenment, Lord Buddha
spent the ‘1st Week’ continuously sitting under
this tree. For the tourists, this place is the most important
historical & religious spot in the temple complex.
The present tree is the 4th generation offspring of the original.
1st in 239 BC – 237 BC (3rd Century BC), the queen of
King Ashoka tried to harm this tree. 2nd time in 7th Century
AD, in 601 AD, King, Sashank Verman of Gaurh state, Central
Bengal, India tried to harm this tree. In 620 AD, Magadh King
Purna Verma restored this place. 3rd time in 1870 AD the tree
was damaged due to a heavy storm and was saved again. 4th
time in 1881 AD, famous British general ‘Cunningham’
brought an ancestor plant of this ancient tree from Anuradhpur,
Sri Lanka & planted here.
Animesh Lochan Stupa Location: North-east of Mahabodhi
Temple Complex in Bodh Gaya. Importance: At this place, Lord
Buddha spent the ‘2nd Week’ after his enlightenment,
looking at the Bodhi Tree continuously for 7 days without
closing his eyes in a deep divine pleasure state.
In the memory of this divine state, we now see an ancient
Stupa here built of bricks with inscriptions & figures
Chankraman Asthal Location: North-west of Mahabodhi
Temple in Mahbodhi Temple Complex in Bodh Gaya. Importance: At this place Lord
Buddha spent the ‘3rd Week’ after his enlightenment.
Buddha spent the entire week walking to-&-fro at this
holy place. In the memory of this divine state, we now see
here a 53 feet long, 3.6 inches wide & 3 feet high stone
structure. There are ’19 Lotus Prints’ on this
structure in the memory of the footprints of Lord Buddha while
in walking state.
Ratanghar (Ratnagrih) Location: Before Mahabodhi Temple,
near the entrance in Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Bodh Gaya. Importance: Lord Buddha spent
the ‘4th Week’ at this place after his enlightenment.
During meditation, a holy light of five colors spread in the
whole atmosphere which came from Buddha’s body. These
colors now reflect on Buddhist Holy Flag also. In the memory
of this divine state, we now see a statue of Lord Buddha in
meditation posture at this open place.
Azpal Tree Location: Before Mahabodhi Temple,
near the entrance in Mahbodhi Temple Complex in Bodh Gaya. Importance: Lord Buddha spent
the ‘5th Week’ at this place after his enlightenment
under this ancient tree named Azapal.This divine state is
explained in Burmese Inscription on a ‘white stone plate’
situated here. Buddha spent the entire week in meditation
Muchalind Tank Location: South of Mahabodhi
Temple. Importance: Lord Buddha spent
the ‘6th Week’ after his enlightenment in sitting
posture. The snake king named Muchalind living in this tank
saved Lord Buddha during meditation from heavy storm &
rain sent by the dark forces.
In the memory of this divine state, this place is now recognized
as a (divided) Ashoka Pillar situated here.
Rajayatan Location: South of Mahabodhi
Temple in Mahbodhi Temple Complex in Bodh Gaya. Importance: Lord Buddha spent
the ‘7th & last Week’ after his enlightenment
at this place. In this week he decided to work for mankind
& he made two disciples here named ‘Tapassu &
Bhallik’ businessmen of Utkal state passing by this
place. After this 1st teaching to the world Buddha started
traveling for Sarnath (Varanasi, U.P.).
In ancient period, a Rajat or Silver Tree, a rare plant was
situated here. 70 years back, a plant of the same species
was brought from Burma & planted here in the memory of
that week, which shows the mankind - the path of peace &
Vajrasana Location: In the middle of Mahabodhi
Tree & Mahabodhi Temple in Mahabodhi Temple Complex in
Bodh Gaya. Importance: At this place, Lord
Buddha experienced the ‘Silent State’ before his
enlightenment, which showed him the path of Buddha State.
In the memory of this state, we now see a throne of sandstone
here. Vajrasana is a structure made of Red Sandstone, 7.6
feet long, 4.10 feet wide & 3 feet high. First, King Ashoka
(273 BC- 236 BC) built stone wall surrounding this place.
Secondly, in Gupta Dynasty (320 – 550 AD) this place
was built again.
Jai Shree Mahabodhi Mahavihar Location: Befor Mahabodhi Temple
Complex, on the Bazaar Road in Bodh Gaya. Importance: A new & very
important tourist spot built by the Mahabodhi Society of India
in 2007. In this temple, the Ancient Relic Casket of ‘Sariputra’
& ‘Mahamalyayan’, main disciples of Lord Buddha
is preserved. It was shifted from Mahabodhi Society of Kolkata
Headquarter in 2007. This was first disclosed by Alexander
Cunningham (1869 – 1870) in his archeological excavations
in Sakchi (Varanasi U. P.).