District - Nalanda Commissionery - Patna Headquarter - Biharsharif Sub-Division - Biharsharif, Hilsa, Rajgir
Population - 19,97,995 (20Lacs) Area - 2,361.70 Sq. Km Sea Level - 113 Meter Temperature - Summer: 420C - 200C Winter: 200C – 40C Best Season - November – March Road Route - 105 Km. from Patna, 49 Km from
Bakhityarpur Rail Route - Main Railway Station –
Bakhitiarypur Air Route - Main Airport – Gaya. Roadway - 105 Km from Patna, (Bakhtiarpur-
49 Km, Bihar Shareef- 20 Km,Nalanda- 12 Km, Pawapuri- 39 Km,
Gaya- 66 Km, Vaishali- 145 Km). Connected to Gaya & Nalanda
via straight road route, regular
Service of tourist buses of State Transport from Patna &
Gaya Railway - Nearest Railway Station- Bakhtiarpur
(On Delhi Howrah Route) Main Railway Station- Patna
Airway - Nearest Airport- Gaya (34 Km)
Main Airport- Patna (107 Km)
105 Km South-East of Patna, Rajgir is situated only 12 Km
from Nalanda & is surrounded by 48 Km long ranges of 5
hills. It is believed that Vasu,
the Son of Bramha made this place inhabitable in the Ramayana
period. In the ancient times Rajgir was know by many names;
it was known as Vasumati in the Ramayana
period, called Rajgrih in Buddhist literature,
where as in Jain texts it was named as Kushagrapur.
It was called Girivraj because it is surrounded by hills on
all sides. In different time periods it had different references.Along
with historical & mythological importance, this city is
among those cities which are important pilgrimage places of
Buddhist & Jain religious followers. Lord Buddha
(6th Century BC) meditated here on the Gridh Koot
Parvat. This place was quite dear to him. After the
enlightenment, Lord Buddha spent the 2nd & the 3rd periods
of four month each at this place. After his Parinirvana,
the first meeting of Buddhist Commune was also held here and
his speeches were put to writing
Ancient city Rajgir was the first capital
of Kingdom of Magadh in the 6th Century BC.
Rajgrih (Rajgir) was built by Great Architect Mahagovind.
Historians belive that when Ajatshatru’s grandson, King
Udyana (459 – 438 BC) made Patliputra
the capital of Magadh, the political importance of Rajgir
decreased. Before the establishment of Patliputra, Rajgir
was at its pinnacle during the reins of Ajatshatru.
Places of Tourist Interests
Vishwa Shanti Stupa Location: Vishwa Shanti Stupa
is situated on Ratnagiri Parvat, in front of Gridh Koot Parvat,
the favorite residing place of Lord Buddha the one who taught
the World, peace & non-violence. Importance: There are golden
statues of Lord Buddha on all sides at the top of the Stupa,
which is decorated in marble. It is a living example of the
imagination of Nichidasu Fuji, President of Japanese Buddhist
Society.This Stupa is 129 feet high, on the top of it there
is a10 feet high lotus shaped pot is situated. The diameter
of the Stupa is 103 feet. Tourists assemble here in large
In 1965, the then President of India laid the foundation
stone of this Stupa, which was completed in 4 years &
7 months. Built as a symbol of peace by the ‘Indo Japanes
Sarvodaya Maitri Sangh’, this was inaugurated by Mr.
V. V. Giri in 1969.
Rope-way is operated between Gridh Koot Parvat to Ratnagiri
Parvat, which covers a distance of 7 Km in 15 minutes. The
Rope-Way is closed on Thursday & is open between 9:15
am to 1:00 pm & from 2:00 pm to 5:00 pm.
Gridh Koot Hills Location: Situated at Rajgir,
beside Ropeway Ratnagiri Mountain. Importance: It is a historical
fact that Lord Buddha used to preach his disciples on Gridh
Koot Parvat during the rainy season. He gave his second sermon
here and introduced King Bimbisara to Buddhism. The 4 natural
caves situated on the top of this hill were four main disciple
of Lord Buddha. Many tablets made of baked clay have been
discovered from these caves, which depict the Early Buddhists
& Forthcoming Buddha-Maitrey seated in rows & each
picture has Buddhist preaching encrypted below them. Many
Buddhist remains have also been found from this place.
Maniyar Math Location: Situated on the way
to Sone Bhandar Caves, is basically a well on which a small
Jain Temple is built. This
monastery is situated 1 Km from the Warm Water Spring. Importance: Maniyar Math is
called the Nirman Koop of Queen Chalanna & Sheelbhadra
in Jain history. Ajatshatru’s mother Chalanna was the
princess of Videh (Vaishali). Maniyar Math is also believed
to be the place of Yagna of Buddhist era. It is construction
of cylindrical bricks. It is an amazing example of art of
Gupta period (320 – 550 AD). This place was built in
the memory of Naga Salibadra. It is said that he got his treasure
buried in this well. In 1861 -62, General Cunningham got this
place excavated. In the excavation, many statues were found
at the depth of 19 feet. Historians believe that these statues
were of the period from 1st Century to 6th Century AD. Pali
Scripture, Sanyukta Nikay has it describes as Manimaal-Chaitya,
where Lord Buddha had a dialogue with Manibhadra Yaksha.
Scripture, Mahabharata has the description of Rajgrih as the
Holy residence of Mani Naga. Probably this place the residing
place of Mani Naga in the Mahabharata period & the word
Maniyar has been developed from the ancient word Manimaal
(Mani Naga).Due to statues of Lord Shiva & Nagas found
at different times, it is believed that this place was an
important place of Naga Worshipers in the Shaiv period.
Located almost at the centre of the old city of Rajgirha.
The main attraction is a well-like structure made of 1.20
mtr. thick wall with a dia of 3 meter approx. The exterior
provides niches containing 0.60 mtr. high stucco images of
a linga decorated with garland, four-armed vishnu. Nagi-image,
Ganesha Twisted with snakes around his body and six-armed
Unforturnately most of the images have now disappeared. from
their art-style the images belong to Gupta period the 5th
century A.D. the minor structures such as alter platforms
and shrines etc. seem to be constricted for religious and
ritual purpose related to serpent worship.
Amarvan (Jeevak Amravan Vihar) Location: While moving toward
Gridh Koot, on the eastern side of the base of Chhan Giri
hill, Jeevak Amravan Vihar is situated. Importance: Jeevak, the son
Shalwati, the chief courtesan of Magadh, studied Medicine
at Taxila with the help of
Magadh State & became the Royal Physician of Magadh. King
Bimbisara gave Jeevak a Mango Orchard, where he resided &
which was known as Jeevak Amravan. Here Lord Buddha came when
he was injured by his cousin Devdutt out of jealousy, Jeevak
bandaged his wound.
According to the Pali scriptures, this was situated in the
center of the Eastern Gate & Gridh Koot.Jeevak gifted
his Amravan to Lord Buddha & the Commune & thus the
Vihar was built here. Foundations & walls of some huge
circular rooms, rectangular rooms have been found here. The
structure of this building is different from the structure
of other Buddhist Vihars. It is possible that at the time
of the construction of this building, the standardization
of Buddhist Vihars didn’t take place.
MardKukshi Location: MardKukshi Vihar was
situated along with Amarvan (ancient Jeevak Amravan Vihar)
At present there are no traces of this. Importance: According to Pali
scriptures, this Vihar was situated on the base of Girdh Koot
Parvat. Lord Buddha was brought here before being taken to
Jeevak Amravan Vihar when he was injured by Devdutt with the
motive to kill.
Pali name MaddKukshi (MardKukshi in Sanskrit) refers to an
incident. According to which King Bimbisara’s queen
Challana tried to abort her child Ajatshatru when she got
to know that he will later kill his father.
Karandataal Location: In the foothills of
Vaibhar Hills, 150 Meters north of the underground springs,
it’s a huge lake in north of Venuvan, which is know
as ancient Karandtaal. Importance: Pali & other
Buddhist Texts described this as ‘Kaland Nivaap’
or’Karandak Nivaap’.Historical belief is that
Lord Buddha used to bathe here during his stay at Rajgir.
Peepal Gufa (Jarasandh Ki Baithak) Location: This is a stone structure
on the eastern slope of Vaibhar Hills ( a little further up
of the Shatdhara Warm
Water Spring) which is known as Peepal Caves. Importance: According to Buddhist
scriptures, Pippal, (the other name of Mahakashyap, main disciple
of Lord Buddha & the first Chairman of the Buddhist Union)
resided here. Once upon a time when Mahakashyap was extremely
hurt with body & mind & was lying here, Lord Buddha
himself came here to meet him. The
importance of this place is also associated with the Magadh
Emperor Jarasandh of the Mahabharata period. ‘Jarasandh
Ka Akhara’ had its own historical importance. Here he
used to call other kings & imprisoned them after defeating
them in wrestling. According to other beliefs King Jarasandh
used to do political planning with his ministers at this place.
Some people believe that built with rectangular stones over
the warm water springs, this was also used as a watch tower.
These caves are among the oldest remains of Indian architecture.
It is in the shape of rectangular platform which 25.9 Meter
in length, 24.7 Meter in breath from the base & 24.8 Meter
& 24 Meter from the top respectively. It is about 6 to
8 Meter high. Popularaly known as Garasanth Ki- Baithak this
massive stone structure with cells on all sides has been identified
with this Pippala stone house frequented by the Buddha (c.