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- Patna
Commissionery - Patna
Headquarter - Patna
Sub-Division - Patna Sadar, Danapur, Barh, Masurhi, Patna City
Population - 36,18,211 (37 Lacs)
Area - 3,130,10 Sq. Km
Sea Level - 113 Meter
Language - Hindi, Maithily, Maghi, Bhojpuri & Regional Language
Temperature -
Summer: 420C - 200C
Winter: 200C – 400C
Best Season - November – March
Road Route -
658 Km from Kolkata on N.H. 30
1088 Km. from Delhi
1802 Km. from Mumbai
Rail Route - Main Railway Station – Patna
Air Route - Main Airport – Patna.
Directly connected from Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Ahmedabad & Ranchi

Main Spots of tourist Interest

Historical Importance

This region was the political centre of North India from 6th BC to 5th AD. Centemporary of Lord Buddha, famous Magadh King Ajatshatru put foundation of this new capital in Patligram, coming from Rajgir, at the bank of river Ganga & Sone. And his grandson Udayan developed the old Patliputra City. In 461-445 BC it was the great capital of Magadh Kingdom.
Ancient Patliputra was the silent spectator of the rise & fall of Maurya & Gupta dynasty. Great Chinese Traveller Fahian (405-411 AD) & Heun-Stang (637 AD) visited this place during their travel.
In Muslim era great king Shershah Suri made this capital in 16th Century. In 18th century; this region was Known as Ajimabad.
In the year 1912 it became the spearate state. Now this place is the important trade centre of Eastern India. Today Patna in known as the gateway of Buddhist & Jain circuit (Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodh-gaya, Pawapuri) in India.

Places of Tourist Interests

Buddha Smriti Park
Buddha Smriti Park, set up to commemorate the 2550th year of Lord Buddha's Mahaparinirvana, in the heart ofBuddha Smriti Park capital town near Patna Railway Junction. The theme of the park is based on the histrorical relationship between Buddhism and the state of Bihar. Spread over 20 acres, the park comprises a large landscaped garden within which are located a relic Stupa, a Museum meditation centre, and a multistorey car park. Its design has been conceived around the enshrining of holy relics of Lord Buddha. The park also has two saplings of the sacred Bodhi tree brought from Bodh Gaya (India) and Anuradhapur (Sri Lanka).

Stupa: The Stupa enshrining the holy relics of the Lord Buddha, is the focal point of the Buddha Smriti Park. Ambulatory paths around the stupa for parikrama have been provided at different levels that lead to the highest level of the building. The relics are enshrined within the secure glass structure of the stupa and is accessible for viewing.

Bodhi Trees: The park has saplings of holy Bodhi trees which have been received from Mahameghavana Anuradhapura, (Sri Lanka) and Bodh-Gaya, India.

Museum: The Museum building impersonates the free flowing natural form of the Buddhist cave monasteries of India Buddha Relicthat evolved from the earliest examples of Barabar caves found in Bihar. The Museum will showcase the life and times of Lord Buddha through original artifacts, 3-D models, audio-visual medium and multi media presentations.
There is a modern museum building within the Park. The museum will showcase the life of Lord Buddha and the very essence of Buddhism through original artifacts, three-dimensional models, photographs, multi-media presentations, etc. Besides, it would screen animation/dramatized films to acquaint the visitors with the heritage of Buddhism and glorious culture and history of Bihar.

Meditation Centre: The meditation centre has been developed to create a unique facility dedicated to the practice of meditation. The design is derived from plan of the monasteries in the ancient Mahavihara of Nalanda. It consists of a total of 60 air conditioned cells, each having a view of the stupa enshrining the sacred relics of Lord Buddha.A library consisting of books on Buddhism along with a large Audio-visual hall for groups is also provided in this facility.
The air-conditioned meditation centre consists of three blocks, and has modern facilities for the tourists and monks, with a library and an audio-visual centre.

Park of Memories: The park of memories is a landscaped open space which would have votive stupas from countriesInaugurated by His Holiness the Dalai Lama across the world, each designed in the architectural pattern model example of the specific country. The park symbolically represents the dispersion of Buddhism from Bihar to various regions of the world.

On the occasion of the 2250th year of Mahaparinirvana of Lord Buddha, the idea of developing Buddha Smriti Park was conceived by Shri Nitish Kumar, Chief Minister of Bihar to showcase the glorious heritage of Buddha and the histrocial role of Bihar in spreading Buddhism worldwide.
Inaugurated by His Holiness the Dalai Lama on the auspicious day of Buddha Purnima, the holy day on which Lord Buddha was born, got Enlightenment and Mahaparinirvana, the 27th May, 2010, the Buddha Smriti Park aspires to be an iconic landmark for the people who value heritage and peace, all over the world.
The Buddha Smriti park consists of an attractive garden with water-bodies and fountains, a variety of trees and plants, a meditation centre, a museum, a multi level parking and a stupa housing the relic caskets of Lord Buddha, brought from different countries such as Thailand, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Japan and presented by His Holiness the Dalai Lama.

Patna Museum
Location: In the heart of the Capital town on Kotwali Thana Road, Near Dakbunglow Chauraha.
Patna MuseumImportance: Established in the year 1917, the Patna Museum is one of a few best museums in India. With its presentation, Patna museum is committed to impart a scientific vision to understand the evolution of history, culture and art tradition of the land. The Museum has thousands of exhibits of varied nature in its possession, which includes Pre & Proto-historic objects, stone sculptures, bronzes, terracottas, paintings - miniature & thanka paintings, coins, miscellaneous art-objects and so on.
This Museum has pride privilege of preserving the holy-relic casket of Lord Buddha containing his ashes and other associated materials discovered during excavation of a stupa belonging to 6th Century B.C. at Vaishali.
Built in Indo-Sarcenic style, the Patna Museum building was constructed in the year 1928 within its own measuring 700 x 500 sq.ft. The Patna Museum is a multipurpose museum. The collections of varied nature can be classified into several sections. Presently, there are altogether eleven classified sections.

Buddha: The museum has a good number of sculptures of the Gandhara and the Mathura art which is chronologicallyBuddha synchronized with the age of Kushans. The Gandhar specimens also known as 'Graeco-Buddhist Art' are made of blue schist of Swat valley and the collection includes figures of Buddha, Bodhisttavas and narrative panels as well. The panel depicting the birth scene of Siddartha is undoubtedly important one among the narrative panels. There are also a few specimens of stucco figures. The sculptures of Mathura School depict Buddha. Bodhisattavas, Hariti, Jataka, scenes and so on.

Amongst Kushana sculptures from Bihar, special reference may be made of the famous trio from Devangarh in the Nawada district. Having obvious regional variation, the trio-consists of the figures of Ekanamsa, Balarama and Vasudeva. Unlike conventional one, images of Patna Museum trio are separately sculptured.

The Museum preserves a good number of sculptures of the Pala-Sena school of art dated in between 8th & 12th century A.D. These sculptures in this group are varied in Buddhanature and comprise Brahmanical, Buddhist, Jaina and several miscellaneous sculptures. Particular mention may be made of a group of three images of Avalokiteshvara, Maitreya and Buddha in bhumisparsh posture discovered from Vishnupur (Gaya). One fine example of the Pala craftsmanship may be seen in a spout ending gargogyle (makara mukha-pranal). Patna Museum preserves a good number of bronzes from Nalanda. These depict the deities of all major religions; i.e. Buddhism, Jainism and Brahmanism prevalent at that period. The figures are dated from post Gupta to Pala period.

The bronzes from Kurkihar numbering 163 are regarded as the best collection of bronzes from any part of India. The Kurkihar collection includes some of the marvellous bronzes in India, such as figures of Buddha, Bodhisattavas, Tara, Balarama and so on. These art pieces represent the high quality of the metal art that flourished during the Pala period. A few of these images are plated with gold.

Yakshini: Amongst the stone sculptures a special mention must be made about the famous female 'chauri bearer' figure of the Mauryan period, i.e. 3rd Cent. B.C. Discovered at Didarganj (Patna), the magnificent statue is popularly known as Didarganj Yakshi. It is made of pink Chunar sand stone and bears the typical Mauryan polish. With a 'Chauri' in her right hand and slight forward inclined posture, the charming figure demonstrates a modest appearance and also reflects her humble submission towards the spectators.

Fossil Tree: Apart from the historical and archaeological objects, Patna Museum has some other interesting exhibits : such as a 53 feet long fossilized tree of Pine family discovered near Asansol in 1927.

Harappa Findings: The Museum has the honour to preserve a few of the important finds from the classical Harappan sites which include terracotta figurines, potteries, copper and bronze objects, seals-sealings and weights.

Jain: The highly lustured stone torso of a Jain Tirthankar from Lohanipur (Patna) is the earliest example of Jaina art. The lion head from Masarh (Bhojpur) and the bull capital from Hajipur of Mauryan period are also worth to mention.
The eighteen Jain bronzes from Chausa are one of the most important collection of this Museum. These consist of Dharmachakra, Kalpavriksha and sixteen images of Jain Tirthankaras. These are the earliest known Jain bronzes in India and first known bronze hoard from Gangetic valley. For the study of Jaina iconography, besides bronzes from Chausa, metal images from Aluara belonging to 11th-12th cent. A.D. are very important. Out ot twenty nine, one depicts the Jain Ambika and rest the Jaina Tirthankaras.

Hindu: A bi-facial Shalbhanjika, carved on stone slab on high relief, is a finer specimen of craftsmanship of late Mauryan-early Sunga period. The figure is in her full youthful posture, twisting the branch of tree with one of her hands. A female figures in stone from Sakarigalighat, Rajmahal is a fine example of classical Gupta art skill. Tilted as 'shuka kridarat nari' the figure is shown feeding a bird. The sculpture depicts a sensuous and delicate beauty of womanhood. It virtually portrays a happy janapada life of the period. Among other stone images of the Gupta and the late Gupta period the figures of Kartikeya, Agani, Ganesha from Mundeshwari (Kaimur) are worth mentioning.
The bi-facial dancing figure of Kartikeya, belonging to post-Gupta period from Mahrawan (Nawada), is unique as it is one of a few sculptures discovered so far from North-India which represent the dancing figures on the both sides of a wheel.
Some beautiful door frames with the figures of Ganga and Yamuna are worth watching. There are also several other interesting sculptures discovered from different regions. The museum possesses the best collection of bronze, better known as astadhatu, images in India. These bronzes were discovered from Chausa (Buxar), Kurkihar (Gaya), Nalanda, Belwa (Saran), Aluara (Dhanbad), Sonepur (Orissa) and Nagapattam (Tamilnadu). The Museum also acquires a good number of bronzes discovered from Sonepur (Orissa), Nagapattam (Tamilnadu) and Nellore (Andha Pradesh).

Pre-historic Objects: The pre-historic objects include palaeoliths, microliths and neoliths from different parts of Bihar and from foreign countries as well. The palaeolithic tools from Bariar (M.P.) and Lalitpur (U.P.) and also chellean and acheullean implements from Attrimpakkam (Tamilnadu) are important. Besides, there are some fine neoliths from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh kept in the museum.

Copper Hoards: The Patna Museum possesses the biggest collection of copper hoards discovered from different parts of Jharkhand & Bihar, viz.: Palamu, Ranchi, Singhbhum, Hazaribagh, Munger, Dhanbad and Santhal-Pargana. They represent the casting technique and the high skill in the metallurgy of the period. The anthopomorphic copper object found from Dhanbad district is unique and very important.

Terracotta Collection: The terracotta collection of the Museum of superb and famous world wide. Majority of these terracottas are from different parts of Bihar, such as Patna, Vaishali, Belwa, Bodh-Gaya, Nalanda, Chausa and so on. A good number of terracottas are brought from Mathura, Varanasi and Pahadpur (Bangladesh) as well.
The terracotta figurines from Patna, mostly of the Maurya age, are of great importance. The three dancing damsels, the laughing boy and the smiling girl from the ancient city of Pataliputra are very rare and technically superb. Besides, there are numerous terracotta specimens which represent the artistic excellence of the period. Female terracotta heads from Buxar, belonging the Mauryan period, are highly elaborate in their head dress and coiffure. Terracottas from Vaishali, Bodh-Gaya, Mathura are examples of local craftsmanship. The museum has some good collection of Gupta terracottas from Kausambi. A beautiful plaque depicting Ramayan scene from Chausa is an example of excellent classical Gupta art. The large size plaques from Paharpur (Bangladesh) depict the technical skill of the Pala period. There is a good collection of terracotta seals and sealings from Vaishali, Nalanda and Dharawat.

Miniature Paintings: The Patna Museum in its art repository has miniature paintings, thankas and numerous decorative and miscellaneous art objects. The collection consists of painting on paper of different schools; such as - the Rajasthani, Mughal, Pahari, Delhi School and Patan Qualam. These paintings range in date from beginnings of the 16th to the end of the 19th century A.D. The classical miniature paintings are varies in theme and they cover a broad spectrum of content. Mention may be made of the paintings related to the divine love of Radha and Krishna, scenes of Ramayan, astanayika bheda, barahamasa, rag-ragini themes. Three illustrated manuscripts of Jain Uttaradhayayan Sutra on paper are also very important. The paintings of Delhi School are both on paper and ivory.
The Patna Museum has in its possession a fairly good number of Patna School or Patna Qalam paintings which flourished in the city of Patna itself for about two centuries right from 1760 A.D. to early decades of 20th century. These paintings are painted on paper, mica and ivory.
The Museum has pride privilege of having the collecton of tibetan scroll paintings on silk which were presented by Rahul Sankrityayan. These Thankas are dated from 17th to 19th century A.D. The Tibetan scroll paintings mainly depict Buddha, Bodhisattava, Dalai Lamas, different Tantrayani deities, Chakrasamvar and so on.
The Patna Museum has got a very good collection of coins which are quite representative of different periods and dynasties ranging from earliest punch marked coins to modern commemorative coins.
There are a good number of gold coins of the Kushanas, Guptas and Mughal rulers in the coin cabinet of Patna Museum.

MEMORIES OF DR. RAJENDRA PRASAD: The musem also displays the gifts of late Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of Indian Reupublic, which he had received durng the tenure of his Presidency.

Besides the above and so many underscribed ones, there are a few very rare collection housed in the museum. Two small gold repousse of caparisoned couchant humped bulls from Vaishlai are important for the study of metal art. A male standing figure with a turban on the head and holding a chamar, discoverd from Vaishali excavations, is an example of fine craftsmanship. A gold repouses from sultanganj displays a female figure within an oval plaque. This piece of art can be dated of Gupta period. In the category of rare collection mention may also be made of a group of 23 stone discs from Murtaziganj (Patna). The intricacy of ivory engraving and exquisite finish of jewellery making technique reprsent the high aesthetic taste of the people of the Maurya-Sunga period.
The old-arms, like swords, daggers, shield, bangnakha, guns belonging to medieval period and cannon of First & Second World Wars create special interest in every visitor. Some stuffed wild life specimens, in which some are extinct, attract children and elders alike.

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