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Bimbisara Marg
Bimbisara Marg
Location: The old way that led to Girdh Koot Parvat is known as Bimbisara Marg Importance: According to Hieun-Tsang, King Bimbisara got this way built to meet Lord Buddha who was staying on Gridh Koot Parvat. This is about 20 - 24 feet broad path.
There are two Stupas of bricks on Bimbisara Marg. First Stupa is 73 Meter high from the base. Second Stupa is situated on the north of the path. These Stupas are built in the memory of the spots where Bimbisara got down from the chariot & where he asked the crowd that accompanied him to go back to the town respectively.

Chariot Wheel Mark and Shell CharactersChariot Wheel Mark
Importance: This Archaeological Area Indicates some parts of Chariot wheel mark and shell inscriptions. These shell inscriptions which have been found in many places in Rajgir and Northern India have not yet been deciphered. Probably these shell inscriptions belong to 4th or 5th century A.D. According to legend the chariot wheel marks belong to the Mahabharata period.


Fort wall of Old RajagrihaFort Wall of Old Rajagriha
Importance: These massive dry built wall of large unhew stones form the outer artifications of Old Rajagriha and extend nearly 30 miles along the crest of the hills. They are among the oldest remains at Rajgir.



Fort of Ajatshatru & Bimbisara’s Prison
Location: Situated at Rajgir, Fort of Ajatshatru, spread over 1858 Sq.meters & Bimbisara’s Prison, inside it. Approx. 1Fort of Ajatshatru & Bimbisara’s Prison Km South-east of Bimbisara’s Golden Treasury.
Importance: According to historical sources King Ajatshatru (6th Century BC), after becoming the king, kept his father Bimbisara in a small prison (Bimbisara’s Prison ) inside his fort (Fort of Ajatshatru ). Built in the 6th Century BC, there were stone towers on all four corners of this 60 Meter long & 2 Meter broad square wall. King Bimbisara chose this place in the last years of his life so that he can see Lord Buddha going to Gridh Koot Parvat every morning. Lord Buddha resided there in this period.Now, at this place, ruins of the walls of the fort, path of the chariots & remains of the bath are visible. Ajatshatru’s Stupa (6.5 Meter) is also situated here. Many archaeological remains have been found here in excavation, which include small rooms of stone. Besides this, in1930, a huge iron chain was found during the maintenance of this fort, which had a ring on one end. It is believed that this might have been used as hand cuff.

Treasure of Bimbisara (Golden Treasury) Treasure of Bimbisara
Location: 1 Km from Bimbisara’s Prison, situated at Rajgir, two caves among the hills with just one outlet.
Importance: It is believed that in Bimbisara’s period (6th Century BC) one cave was for the guards & the other had Bimbisara’s Treasure. This cave has inscriptions in Shakhs script. Even after many attempts, these could not have been deciphered.


Saptaparni Caves
Location: Saptarni Caves are situated on the northern slope of the Vaibhar Hills ( Below the Jain Temple of Adinath).Saptaparni Caves It is a group of 6 caves, which were probably 7 in their original form.
Importance: After the Nirvana of Lord Buddha, the first summit of the Buddhists was held here due to the migration of Bimbisara’s Son Ajatshatru, which lasted for six months. Lord Buddha’s teachings were first put to writing at this place.Saptaparni Caves is long man-made structures of rocks.Stones have been fixed at some portions of this path. The place in front of the caves is 36.57 Meter long & 10.36 Meter broad in the east & 3.65 Meter broad in the west. The wall that shows the outer side of this place was made of Angarh stone & only 5 Meter & 2.4 Meter of which remains.

Ashok Stupa
Location: Situated in the west of new Rajgrih, across the river Saraswati a large mound, which is known as Ashok Stupa.
Importance: According to Fa -Hian, Ajatshatru constructed this whereas Hieun-Tsang believed that King Ashoka constructed it. The height of the Stupa mound is 10 Meters.Three fragmented Stupas have been found from the middle of the mound. Many bricks of Mauryan period & Mini Stupas of clay were found by digging upto 3 meters on the western side. These are 5 cm & 2.5 cm in diameter. Inside each of these Stupas earthern tablets have been found with Buddhist theology written on them.

Location: Situated in the east of ancient river Saraswati, King Bimbisara built ’Venuvan Vihar’ in ‘Venuvan’ for LordVenuvan Buddha.
Importance: This was the first gift to Lord Buddha from Bimbisara’s side. Bimbisara spent a night with Lord Buddha here as he got late after taking bath in the warm water springs (Modern Name, Saraswati) & the gates of the city were closed. According to historical books, Lord Buddha stayed here for a very long time. This place is now a beautiful garden of colorful flowers. The foundation of a room & bases of 9 Stupas of brick were found in excavation at Venuvan. There is a huge mound in the south of it which is 776 feet in circumference & 27 feet in height. This mound is surrounded by ancient underground shrines. On the eastern side of the mound, tablets of 10th – 11th Century have been found along with many traces of foundations.

Ajatshatru StupaAjatshatru Stupa
Location: Ajatshatru Stupa is situated near Venuvan.
Importance: The mound situated in the east of Venuvan is known as Ajatshatru Stupa. At present this mound is east of the road. Foundation & pillars of rock can be seen here. Huen -Tsang has mentioned about Stupa built by Ajatshatru in the east of Venuvan.



Son Bhandar Caves
Location: These two caves located at the southern foot of 'vaibhar hills' are popularly known as son Bhandar.
Importance: The caves were excavated during 3rd-4th century A.D. by the great saint Vairadeva for Jaina sages. As per an incription recorded in between the door and window of the western cave. Internally the caves are rectangular on plan with straight walls up to a certain height and vault-shaped roof there upon. The countryard in-front and the beam holes seen on the exterior of the caves suggest that there was a roofed verandah attached to it. The eastern cave depicts beautiful images of Jain Thirthankars like padmaparabh, Parsvanath, Mahavira and others carved in relief on the southern wall. The upper story was added with the help of brick structure and rock-cut stair case for approach during Gupta period.

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